During the 2011 – 2013 period I was working on a project that took me to Hawaiʻi – the island of Oʻahu specifically – 14 or 15 times for something around 200 days total I would guess.
I hadn’t launched this blog at that time so I wasn’t thinking in terms of personal finance and lifestyle choices during the occasions I interacted with locals. If so, I might have asked questions to glean more information about their chosen lifestyles. However, in thinking back to my interactions in Hawaiʻi, I am left with the impression that the minimalism practiced by many locals is not necessarily one of choice – at least not in the way I discussed in Destination Minimalism and have recently read about and practiced by others, one in which a choice is made to ‘reduce’ after experiencing dissatisfaction with making more money and buying more stuff – but one more dictated by culture and circumstances.
A recent trip to Guam (an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States), another island located in the western Pacific Ocean, combined with a recent post about minimalism, brought my observations and experiences in Hawaiʻi back to mind. During my month-long trip, I visited one of two coffee shops each morning, engaged in a few conversations and overheard a few more.
There is no doubt that the geography, climate, and a slower paced lifestyle – often referred to as Island or Hawaiʻian style – contribute to a culture that has less of a need (desire?) for the relentless pursuit of money and stuff. However, I have to believe that the more laid back lifestyle and embrace of minimalism is also the result of circumstances. Simply put, if you’ve only known an environment where there is less of that’s available, or the cost of living is prohibitive, it’s easier to learn to be happy with less. On an island, there is limited real estate which means the housing is more expensive. Because of that expense, buying a smaller house is likely the result of financial limitations as much as consciously practicing minimalism.
Similar story with goods. Anyone that has been to Hawaiʻi or Guam will tell you that most things are more expensive – a lot more expensive in a lot of cases – than on the mainland. I believe that also applies to employment opportunities and earnings. To get an idea of the differences in cost of living in Hawaiʻi or my home (city) state of Arizona, I checked out the CNN Cost of Living Calculator. A $35,000 salary here in Arizona would need to be $67,623 in Honolulu, Hawaii. While the barista, retail clerk, and waiter in Guam or Hawaiʻi are likely making more than their counterparts in Arizona, I’m pretty sure it isn’t enough to bridge that gap. Check out the percentage differences, particularly for groceries, housing and utilities …
Sure, residents of Hawaiʻi and Guam could move to the U.S. mainland any time they desire for more opportunities. However, what if they wanted to stay home to be near friends and family or were bound for some other reason? The reality is that inherently there are limited opportunities, for no other reason than an island is only so big and there is a lack of diverse industries compared to larger geographic areas. What you are left with, for a large percentage of the population, is expensive housing, expensive goods and expensive services in an area that pays comparatively more, but the money doesn’t go as far. In such locations, minimalism may not necessarily be just a matter of choice.